Gummy Smile Correction

Gummy Smile Correction

A gummy smile, also known as excessive gingival display, is characterized by the exposure of a significant amount of gum tissue above the upper teeth when you smile. While it's a natural variation in human anatomy, for many people, it can be a source of self-consciousness and affect their overall confidence.

A gummy smile typically involves 3-4 millimeters or more of gum tissue showing when you smile. This can make the teeth appear shorter than they are and create an unbalanced appearance.

There are several factors that can contribute to a gummy smile:

Excess gum tissue: This is the most common cause. Genetics, certain medications, or hormonal changes can lead to an overgrowth of gum tissue.

Short teeth: Some people naturally have shorter teeth, which can be further masked by excess gum tissue.

Hyperactive upper lip muscle: This muscle, called the levator labii superioris, lifts the upper lip when you smile. In some individuals, it's overly active, causing the lip to raise too high and expose more gum tissue.

Jawbone structure: An overdeveloped upper jaw or a short upper lip can also contribute to a gummy smile

A gummy smile can have a significant emotional and social impact. People who are self-conscious about their smile may avoid smiling altogether, which can hinder their social interactions and affect their self-esteem. They may also be hesitant to laugh or participate in activities that involve smiling openly.

Fortunately, there are several effective treatments available for gummy smiles. With the help of our periodontist, you can achieve a more balanced and confident smile that showcases your beautiful teeth.

Gummy Smile Correction Treatment Options

There are several effective treatment options for gummy smile correction, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. The best approach for you will depend on the specific cause of your gummy smile and your desired outcome. Here are some of the most common options:

Non-Surgical Procedures

Botox injections: This minimally invasive procedure involves injecting Botox into the upper lip muscle (levator labii superioris). Botox weakens the muscle, preventing it from pulling the lip up as high when you smile, thereby reducing gum exposure. The effects typically last for 3-4 months.

Dermal fillers: Injections of hyaluronic acid fillers into the upper lip can create a more even and balanced gum-to-tooth ratio. The fillers add volume to the lip, making it appear fuller and less likely to retract when you smile. The results can last for 6-12 months.

Surgical Procedures

Crown lengthening: This procedure involves removing a small amount of gum tissue and bone around the teeth to expose more of the tooth crown. This creates a longer-lasting correction than Botox or fillers and is ideal for people with short teeth or excess gum tissue.

Gum recontouring: Similar to crown lengthening, gum recontouring involves reshaping the gum line to create a more aesthetically pleasing appearance. This can be done with lasers, scalpels, or other instruments.

Jaw surgery: In rare cases, severe gummy smiles caused by an overdeveloped upper jaw may require orthognathic surgery to reposition the jawbone. This is a major surgery and is not commonly recommended.

Additional Options

Orthodontics: Braces or Invisalign can be used to reposition the teeth and improve the gum-to-tooth ratio. This is a good option for people with crowded teeth or a misaligned bite that contributes to their gummy smile.

Lip repositioning surgery: This procedure involves shortening the upper lip to reduce the amount of gum tissue that is exposed when you smile. It is a more invasive option than other treatments and is typically only recommended for severe cases.

Choosing The Right Treatment

The best way to determine the best treatment option for your gummy smile is to schedule a consultation with our periodontist. Dr. Sabra will assess the cause of your gummy smile, discuss your desired outcome, and recommend the most appropriate treatment plan.

Here are some additional factors to consider when making your decision:

Your budget: Non-surgical procedures are generally less expensive than surgical procedures.

Your desired results: Some treatments offer more dramatic results than others.

Your downtime: Surgical procedures may require more downtime than non-surgical procedures.

Your overall health: Certain medical conditions may make you a less suitable candidate for certain treatments.

Schedule Your Consultation

For many people, excessive gum tissue can overshadow an otherwise beautiful smile. This condition, known as a gummy smile, can be a source of self-consciousness and hinder confidence in social situations.

At Dental Implants & Periodontics of Boston, we understand the impact a gummy smile can have on your life. We offer a comprehensive approach to correcting gummy smiles, helping you achieve the balanced, confident smile you deserve.

Take the first step towards a smile you can be proud of. Schedule a consultation with our Boston-based periodontist today. We offer a dedicated, patient-centered approach, ensuring you feel comfortable and informed throughout the entire process.


Meet the Doctor:
Daniel Sabra


Highly skilled periodontist, Dr. Sabra has performed more than 1,000 procedures for Boston area residents from same day dental implants to periodontal regeneration. Learn more about Dr. Sabra by visiting his bio.


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